Spain is one of the cheapest countries. If the average price in Europe is 100, the cost in Spain is 88. Spain is also among the European countries with the lowest price variation. The difference in price for the same food or toiletry product between the most expensive and the cheapest retail outlet is 19%. In Norway, however, the difference can be as high as 57%, in Sweden 47% and in Italy and Portugal up to 41%. For a university student, the comparative advantage of studying in Spain is considerable in financial terms, as can be seen in the table below. The average cost of tuition fees charged by universities in the United States (30,000 dollars) would cover the entire cost of living in Spain for a year (a university residence in Madrid, including accommodation and meals, costs less than 800 euros per month, and average tuition fees in a private university are around 6,000 euros).
Spain is situated on the Iberian Peninsula in South-West Europe. Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa that border Morocco (Ceuta and Melilla). Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and is one of the main tourist destinations worldwide. It has a population of 45 million people.
The landscape is extraordinarily varied, ranging from desert-like areas to lush, green pastures where mountains, valleys, rivers and beaches produce a wide variety of microclimates, which also contribute to its extraordinary beauty. Spain experiences all four seasons and has a generally temperate climate. Its location makes it one of the warmest countries in Europe and winter temperatures are generally mild.
Spain's unique culture is the product of a heritage enriched by the many external influences which it has been subjected to over the course of its long history. The geographic location of the Iberian Peninsula makes it a natural bridge between the cultures of the north and south of Europe, America, Africa and the East. History has made it a meeting point for many different cultures, creating a rich and diverse cultural legacy in which an intense past is evident.
Spanish is the mother tongue of over 400 million people around the world and is the official language of 20 countries. Sharing a common language has, without doubt, made Spain a particularly attractive destination for Latin American and Hispanic and Spanish-speaking students from the United States. Spain is also one of the most popular destinations for learning Spanish as a foreign language, particularly in the case of English speakers from the United States and Asia who want to learn Spanish, and students from other European Union countries. Indeed, Spain is the first destination in Europe for ERASMUS students (main students exchange European programme).
The normal duration for University courses is 4 years, except Medicine, which is 6 years and the double and some other degrees, which are 5 years. University studies have "ECTS credits" as a measure for the lessons, and normally, 60 ECTS are taken each year, so, each course comprises 240 ECTS credits. Passing every subject, and getting the 240 ECTS credits, gives the right to obtaining an academic degree, architecture or engineering qualification. Postgraduate courses are Master's degrees, and Doctoral degrees. Access is regulated by the university itself, through the Doctorate Commission. It is necessary to have the degree course, architecture or engineering. Own degrees are non regulated studies leading to an unofficial degree, recognized only by the granting university. These courses have the same structure as the regulated studies.
Since 1999, Spain has been immersed in a transformation of its higher Education system, along with more than 30 European countries, with the aim of creating a European Higher Education Space. This process will culminate in 2010 and its objectives are:
Spain has implemented the legal measures for the adoption of the European credit and qualifications systems, as well as the European Qualification supplements.
Arts and Humanities is yet another popular degree for people in Spain to earn. With this particular type of degree you can work in any number of exciting fields, ensuring that you have a lifelong career that you live. Some of the most popular fields to work in with this degree include the English language, history and language, visual arts and others. Upon successfully completing the courses for an Arts and Humanities degree and the exam is successfully completed, a final research thesis must be performed and completed. This is the final step, and degree is earned. Students whom have earned this degree can enjoy a rewarding career in any number of industries. The Various Courses are following:
These days it is a dream come true for many people to own or operate their own business. With the help of a Marketing and Finance degree this is more than possible. It also happens to be one of the most popular courses in Spain. Both graduate and undergraduate degrees in Marketing and Financing are available, and with the degree an individual has an array of opportunities sitting before them.
The universities in Spain teach their lessons in Spanish, however, if you prefer, you can also take a course that specifically teaches you the language. These courses can be completed in various lengths of time, depending upon your needs and desires. Many people coming to Spain to study from non-Spanish speaking countries often choose to take this course before advancing to their degree studies. You can also learn Spanish so that you can teach the language yourself.
Another popular course for those to take in Spain universities is hospitality management. Hospitality Management can include hotels and motels, restaurants and similar establishments. With this degree you can take assurance in knowing that you will always have a job with plenty of potential for growth. One can obtain a Bachelor's or a Master's degree in Hospitality management, with the length of time that it takes to earn the degree variable according to the exact degree you wish to earn and the university in which you plan to attend.
One of the most popular fields that young people are entering is the law field. So there are quite of few very popular college courses in Spain, Madrid, in particular, that offer a variety of law courses for people that are wanting to enter into the law workforce. Whether your goal is to become a lawyer, a government official, or anything having to with law, Madrid, Spain is where you can take some really good courses.
Competition for places is high, as more students wish to study in Spain than there are places available. EU nationals are entitled to compete for places at Spanish universities on equal terms with their Spanish counterparts. When applying for postgraduate study, you must be in possession of a Bachelors degree obtained in either Spain or a country in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) . You can also hold a degree attained elsewhere but the university must be satisfied with the qualification before accepting an application. Foreign qualifications must be approved by the Spanish Department of Education and Culture, in a process known as homologation .All students require a strong knowledge of Spanish but universities do provide summer language courses.
According to Spanish regulations regarding access to university studies, no specific certificates are required to prove your knowledge of Spanish. In general, students can prove their level of command of Spanish by presenting the results received at the DELE test, by presenting the results from school studies or any other studies.
If your study program or course is taught in English, you will be required to prove your level of command of English by presenting the results you received at English courses. Please, always check with your university whether your English studies are sufficient for you to meet this requirement. In general, higher education institutions in Europe request student to have a level of command of the language of instruction equivalent to a B1/B2 level according to the scale as described by the European language passport.
As a student in a Spain College or institution, having adequate housing for your stay is a must. It is essential that housing be arranged before you arrive in the country. Several housing options are available for students, each with their own perks and benefits, as well as cons. You should take a look at all of the housing options that are available, weighing both the pros and the cons, before making the choice as to where you will stay while attending college.
The student apartments in Spain bring together international students in open atmosphere.The apartments are not luxurious, but are completely furnished and equipped.No meals are offered but each apartment has a kitchen with a microwave,pans, cutlery and everything you might need to cook your own food.
There are apartments of different sizes and characteristics, booked according to availability. Most of them are located within walking distance from the school or are accessible by a short ride on public transportation. You can choose between a single,double or triple room.
As reflected in our price policy the longer the student wishes to stay in the accommodation,the cheaper the price per month becomes.The main reason for this is that it can be very difficult to find accommodation for short-term rental.Most Spanish landlords are not interested in tenants staying for less than 3 months and we therefore have to pay a premium to be able to offer this service.
Foreign students wishing to attend college in Spain can choose to stay with a host family. Many host family opportunities are available for students throughout Spain, each providing a highly rewarding experience that will leave you with many memories to cherish for a lifetime.
Many of the colleges and universities in Spain offer dormitories and student housing on campus. Student housing varies according to the exact school you will be attending, but is something to look into. The benefits of dorm housing include the ability to meet other students attending college, the ability to live much more affordable and the fact that you are always nearby the school.
Also known as extended-stay hotels, studio apartment rentals are available throughout Spain and an option that many students opt for,especially upon first entering the country.Though costly,these apartments provide everything that a college student needs - from living space to a bedroom area, a kitchenette,on-site laundry facilities,cable TV,telephone and more - all at one price that can be paid per week or month. Studio apartment rentals are available for periods of 30 days to 12 months.
Town houses are generally rows of terraced houses, often in typical regional style set around communal gardens with a pool. Town house complexes are increasingly popular around large towns and cities, particularly Madrid, where there are vast suburbs lined with row upon row of town houses.In coastal resorts town houses are often built in a style known as the 'Mediterranean village and houses may be white-washed or,as is increasingly popular nowadays, painted in shades of blue and yellow. Town houses are usually spacious and often have three or four floors,including a basement for a garage and storage, and a roof area with a roof terrace known as a solarium. Town houses generally have little outside space or garden except for a small patch at the front and back, often paved as a patio. Construction tends to be recent and is generally of reasonable to good quality.
In general, the Spanish do not live in detached houses and in many large towns and cities it is difficult to find a large house unless it is a mansion or palace belonging to the local aristocracy.On the coast,however,detached houses abound and are generally owned by foreigners or wealthy Spaniards who use them as second homes. Some villas form part of a complex and may share communal gardens and a pool, and are situated on small individual plots, while others are set in huge grounds. Villas built in the '60s and '70s tend to be single-storey and often need extensive renovation work, particularly if they have only been used as holiday homes and not properly maintained. Prices start at €200,000 for a small two - bedroom villa with a communal pool in a less popular area, although villas in many parts of the Costa del Sol,the northern part of the Costa Blanca, and Ibiza and Majorca cost over €1m.
Spain has an exceptional hotel network with respect to the number variety and quality of its establishments. They are located all over the country and are able to respond to any demand or possibility. Spanish hotels are classified in five categories, identifiable by from one to five stars. Stars are assigned according to the services and characteristics of each establishment. Another option is offered by casas de huespedes which in Spain are called pensiones . With a great tradition in Spain they are generally cosy, comfortable establishments whose installations and services may range from the bare minimum to the relatively luxurious. Normally operated as family businesses, the price usually includes only lodging and meals, which are frequently excellent.
Spain has some 800 campsites with a capacity for around 400,000 campers. Located all over the country, they are especially numerous in coastal areas and are rated according to their characteristics and installations,much like hotels.Their rates vary according the quantity and quality of their services.In the event visitors opt for camping outside of established campsites,it is advisable to consult beforehand to make sure there are no municipal prohibitions affecting the desired campsite.
Spain has over 90 health resorts or thermal spas,some of which date from remote antiquity and have been in use through the centuries.All these establishments offer besides curative treatments for a wide range of maladies,a diversity of hotels and sport and recreational installations.
The variety of cultures in Spain derives from the seventeen autonomous regions located within the country.The cultures of Spain are European cultures based,on a variety of historical influences,primarily that of Ancient Rome,but also the pre-Roman Celtic and Iberian culture,and that of the Phoenicians and the Moors.In the areas of language and religion,the Ancient Romans left a lasting legacy. The subsequent course of Spanish history added other elements to the country culture and traditions.Spanish culture is widely known for Flamenco music and dance,bullfights,fantastic beaches and lots of sunshine. But what is Spain known for? It has much more to offer than that. It is - and has been for thousands of years, one of the cultural centers of Europe.
Spanish art history is very exciting and the first examples of Spanish art go back to the dawn of time. For example, the cave paintings found in the Altamira caves in Cantabria are considered to be the Sistene Chapel of rock paintings and date back over 18,500 years.Today,many works remain in excellent condition despite their age such as the Iberian sculptures from Eastern Spain,the Roman and Muslim art which can be found throughout the peninsula, medieval churches,artwork from the Baroque period and many other examples.The Spanish artists whose works fill our pages are famous throughout the world. Spanish painters like Velazquez, Goya, Picasso, Dali and Miro for their canvases;Spanish architects such as Calatrava and Gaudi for their famous building designs; and Julio Gonzalez, Chirino and Chillida for their sculpture.All these Spanish artists are known in artistic circles around the world
During the Prehistoric period, the megalithic Iberian and Celtic architectures developed.Through the Roman period, both urban development and construction projects flourished. After the pre-Romanesque period,in the architecture of Al-Andalus, important contributions were made by the Caliphate of Cordoba,the Taifas,the Almoravids and Almohads,and the Nasrid of the Kingdom of Granada.Later, several currents appear: Mudejar,the Romanesque period ,the Gothic period,the Renaissance ,the Baroque period,the Spanish colonial architecture,and Neoclassical style are the most significant. Spanish architecture refers to architecture carried out in any area in what is now Spain,and by Spanish architects worldwide.The term includes buildings within the current geographical limits of Spain before this name was given to those territories.Due to its historical and geographical diversity, Spanish architecture has drawn from a host of influences.Iberian architecture started to take shape in parallel with other architectures around the Mediterranean and others from Northern Europe.
One of the characteristic features of the early history of Spain is the successive waves of different peoples who spread all over the Peninsula.The first to appear were the Iberians,a Libyan people,who came from the south.Later came the Celts, a typically Aryan people, and from the merging of the two there arose a new race,the Celtiberians,who,divided into several tribes gave their name to their respective homelands.The next to arrive,attracted by mining wealth,were the Phoenicians, who founded a number of trading posts along the coast,the most important being that of Cadiz.After this came Greek settlers,who founded several towns,including Rosas,Ampurias and Sagunto.The Phoenicians,in their struggle against the Greeks,called on the Carthaginians,who, under the orders of Hamilcar Barca,took possession of most of Spain.It was at this time that Rome raised a border dispute in defense of the areas of Greek influence, and thus began in the Peninsula the Second Punic War, which decided the fate of the world at that time.
First-cycle studies leading to the professional title of a Bachelors. Bachelor degree programmes,at least 6 semesters, leading to the professional title of Bachelor or at least 7 semesters. This is the Spanish equivalent of the Bachelor degree. These are focused on preparing students for future employment, or for continued education within Master degree programmes.To obtain this degree,students must earn at least 180 ECTS credits.The duration of this course is 3 to 4 Years.
Second-cycle studies - Called as Master degree programme (1.5 to 2 years) following the first cycle studies and leading to the professional title of Master.These are focused on theoretical knowledge as well as application and development of creative skills. Master degree holders may enter a doctoral programme (third-cycle studies).To obtain this degree, students must earn 90-120(Transfer and Accumulation System) ECTS credits.The duration of the course is 1.5 to 2 years.
Long cycle studies
It is also known as the Single long-cycle studies.These study program basically based on an integrated study program, which contains both basic studies and in-depth specialization. The Master degree programmes which consist 10 to 12 semesters leading to the professional title of magister or an equivalent degree.Its depends on the study course profile.To obtain this degree,students must earn at least 300 ECTS credits (10-semesters studies) or at least 360 ECTS credits (12-semesters studies).Official Doctorate studies are meant to provide students with academic, professional or research specialization at the Doctorate or PhD level in the Spanish University Education System.These Degrees are adapted to the European Higher Education Space.The Bologna Declaration of 1999 set the basis of the EHES,according to principles of quality,mobility, diversity, competitiveness and oriented towards the achievement, amongst others, of the conversion of the European system of higher education in a pole of attraction for students and academics of other parts of the world. These degrees facilitate automatic recognition and mobility between the 30 nations that make up the EHES. The degree cover a great variety of subjects, summed up in 5 areas or fields of Knowledge:
3rd cycle studies
3RD Cycle Studies are also called as Doctoral degree programmes. The total duration of these Programmes is 6 to 8 semesters.These Programmes are accessible to graduates of the Master degree and leading to the PhD degree.These Programmes are offered by the university-type schools as well as some research institutions which belong to the departments of the Spanish Academy of Sciences, along with research and development institutions. The PhD degree is awarded to candidates who submit and successfully defend a doctoral dissertation before the thesis committee, and who pass the doctoral examination.
While the cost of living in Spain has markedly increased over the years, the average Spanish salary has not - thus making life more difficult for residents and expats who choose to live in Spain. Furthermore, the economy of Spain has been deeply troubled, with around a quarter of the work force still being unemployed in 2014. Spain provides a seductively fine quality of life. The country is relatively large and varies enormously from region to region. Common to most of Spain is, however, a benign overall climate, a welcoming society, decent infrastructure and political stability after around four decades of sustained democracy.
Cost Of Accommodation in Spain
During the latter years of the Spanish property boom, housing in Spain became absurdly expensive both to purchase and rent. This has change radically and Spanish housing now offers good value for money. Generally speaking, the closer a property is to the coast, the more it will cost and this is particularly true of the Mediterranean coastline. This trend is due to a passion for the beaches of Spain, a love which is shared by the Spanish and foreigners alike. Needless to say, the sky is the limit for high quality properties in prestigious locations but there are also some exceptional bargains to be found. Short-term summer rentals for any coastal property can be among some of the most expensive real estate in Spain, while long-term leases are usually cheaper.
Accessing healthcare in Spain
Each country health system is different and might not include all the things you would expect to get free of charge from the NHS.This means you may have to make a patient contribution to the cost of your care.The healthcare system in Spain is much the opposite of what you will find in other countries,making it essential that you familiarize yourself with it should Spain be your university destination.You will find comfort in knowing that health and medical treatment in Spain is top notch. There are many fine doctors, hospitals and healthcare providers found throughout the country,making it easy to get the appropriate treatment needed for your condition and get back to your normal life.
Visitors to Spain
Your European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) will enable you to access the necessary state-provided healthcare in Spain at a reduced cost,or sometimes for free when on a temporary stay.The Spanish health authority determines what treatment is considered necessary and cannot wait until your return to the UK.The EHIC also covers you for treatment of pre-existing medical conditions,although it does not cover you if you are travelling for the express purpose of obtaining medical treatment.
Spanish National Health System
The Spanish National Health System is the agglomeration of public health services that has existed in Spain since it was established through and structured by the Ley General de Sanidad of 1986.Management of these services has been progressively transferred to the distinct autonomous communities of Spain,while some continue to be operated by the National Institute of Health Management,part of the Ministry of Health and Social Policy.The activity of these services is harmonized by the Inter-territorial Council of the Spanish National Health Service in order to give cohesion to the system and to guarantee the rights of citizens throughout Spain.
European Health Card
If you are a student in Spain you need the EHC, or the European Health Card.This card titles the recipient access to the great healthcare found in the country. When you have the card you can get all of your healthcare costs reduced,and sometimes at no cost. While most medical services are covered with this card, dental services are not covered. Prescriptions are covered under the plan, with 60% paid and the remaining 40% your responsibility to cover. If you need emergency services while in Spain you will be covered only when you use the public health facilities near you. Many health centres are available for individuals to obtain dental services from at no cost. You must have your social security number readily available to take advantage of the free dental care. Some Spanish hospitals also offer emergency dental treatment. Because of the excessive waiting periods most people coming to Spain for a short while choose private health insurance to cover their dental insurance coverage needs.
Purchasing public health insurance
If you are not covered for state-run healthcare through any other means, the Spanish regional health authorities offer a special pay-in scheme.This is a public health insurance scheme available nation-wide where you pay a monthly fee to access state-run healthcare. The scheme is managed by each autonomous region. Policy holders,including children,pay on an individual basis for access to public healthcare, regardless of pre-existing conditions,anywhere in Spain.The basic monthly fee is 60€ for the under 65s and 157€ for those aged 65 and above.However, prescriptions are not subsidized at this rate so you would pay 100% of prescription costs. This form of cover does not give holders the right to an EHIC at this time, so if you wish to travel, you will need to take out private travel insurance.
Non-European visitors to Spain
Non-Europeans visiting or living in Spain will most likely have to prove that they have adequate medical insurance before they are issued with a visa granting them entry to the country. Therefore, it is highly unlikely that a legal non-European visitor to Spain is not covered by at least some sort of healthcare provision. Nevertheless,all Spanish state hospitals are required to provide vital primary healthcare to any patient that is admitted to hospital with life-threatening injuries or illness, regardless of their ability to pay.
Hospital Facilities in Spain
The quality of health care and hospital facilities in Andalucia is generally of a high standard. Progress is always being made and in January 2005, it was announced that there was a 35% improvement in hospital service in Andalucia. There are excellent doctors, and highly trained Spanish medical staff. Major hospitals are equipped with the latest high-tech equipment and Andalucia has many excellent public and private hospitals in each of the eight provinces: Almeria, Cadiz, Cordoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaen, Malaga and Seville. The large hospitals in the main cities are generally better equipped than the provincial ones and some specialize in particular areas of health and treatment than others. Although in some hospitals in Andalucia some doctors may speak some English and there may even be help in the form of a voluntary interpreter, you should not depend on finding and English speaker if you have a hospital visit.
Spain has an excellent transport system with buses, underground and over ground rail,ferries and air services.Transport in Spain is characterized by an extensive network of roads, railways,rapid transit,air routes,and ports.Its geographic location makes it an important link between Europe, Africa, and the New World. Major forms of transit generally radiate from the capital,Madrid, located in the centre of the country, to link with the capitals of the autonomous communities. Spanish transit is marked by a high degree of integration between its long distance railway system and inner-city metro systems, although the historic use of broad gauge has limited integration with its neighbors.Transport in the major centres is well established and reliable meaning that travel within Spanish cities is convenient and pleasant.However,if planning to drive, the roads are well established, sign posted and reasonably easy to use. As a country with over 40 million citizens, Spain public transport is comprehensive. You can travel in Spain by car, but there is a network of public services that give a great coverage and would enable you to travel the country to the farthest corner. As a public service, smoking is strictly forbidden in all forms of public transport in Spain. There are no timetables for the public transport in Spain. Frequency depends on the route and time of the day.
Public Transport in Spain
Public transport is generally very good in Spanish cities, most of which have efficient bus and rail systems. If you plan to remain within the principal Spanish cities, public transportation will likely prove far more convenient and pleasant than driving.
The Spanish rail network is operated by a state owned company called Red National de los Ferrocarriles Espanoles (RENFE). They operate a wide range of services and fares. Their fastest trains, the AVE, are among Europe best with their slowest travelling about the same speed as a bus. The RENFE provides a service to all major cities, although it does not run to many small towns, and is supplemented by networks such as the FFCC city lines in Barcelona and private railways.
The local bus services in Spanish cities run from around 0600 until between 22:00 and midnight,when a more expensive night system comes into operation.Most buses do not have a lot of seats,opting instead for maximum standing room.Urban buses are quite slow although some major cities provide dedicated bus lanes. Most towns have a bus terminal.
You should only use taxis that display a special license. They are of a very high standard as they are governed by strict legislation. They display a green light when they are free .They can be flagged down or found at a taxi rank and are metered but have a set price for certain journeys.
There are metro lines in Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia.They offer the fastest way to get around these cities and are unsurprisingly crowded during rush hours. Special tickets are available including a cheap day return,a metro card allowing three / five days unlimited use,and weekly and monthly passes.
What is Meant by Undergraduate Degree
An Undergraduate degree is a colloquial term for an academic degree taken by a person who has completed undergraduate courses.It is usually offered at an institution of higher education,such as a university.The most common type of this degree is the bachelor degree,which typically takes at least three or four years to complete.A bachelor degree is usually earned for an undergraduate course of study that nominally requires three to five years of study .In some cases,it may also be the name of a second graduate degree,such as a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.),Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.),Bachelor of Civil Law,the Bachelor of Music,the Bachelor of Philosophy,or the Bachelor of Sacred Theology,degree which in some countries are only offered after a first graduate/bachelor degree.
Undergraduate Education is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education.It includes all the academic programs up to the level of a bachelor degree.For example,in the United States an entry level university student is known as an undergraduate, while students of higher degrees are known as graduates.In some other educational systems and subjects,undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a master degree this is the case for some science courses in Britain and some medicine courses in Europe.3rd Cycle Studies are also called as Doctoral degree programmes.The total duration of these Programmes is 6 to 8 semesters. These Programmes are accessible to graduates of the Master degree and leading to the PhD degree.These Programmes are offered by the university-type schools as well as some research institutions which belong to the departments of the Portugal Academy of Sciences, along with research and development institutions. The PhD degree is awarded to candidates who submit and successfully defend a doctoral dissertation before the thesis committee, and who pass the doctoral examination.
Undergraduate or 1st Cycle Studies
First-cycle studies leading to the professional title of a Bachelors.Bachelor degree programmes,at least 6 semesters, leading to the professional title of Bachelor or at least 7 semesters.This is the Polish equivalent of the Bachelor degree.These are focused on preparing students for future employment,or for continued education within Master degree programmes.To obtain this degree,students must earn at least 180 ECTS credits.The duration of this course is 3 to 4 Years.
Official Undergraduate Degrees In Spain
Undergraduate degrees are intended to provide the student with a general training,in one or several areas, with a view to prepare him for a professional career.Undergraduate degrees in Spain are purposed with providing students a broad but general overview of a particular study with a focus on its related field of work.In Spanish,this degree is called a grado. In order to graduate with this type of degree, there are several qualifications that students must earn. The undergraduate degree is also called a bachelor degree and is the minimal qualifications that most people require in a particular field. The curricular of a undergraduate degrees are established by the different universities. First, 240 ECTS credits are required over a four year course. In addition, a dissertation is mandatory towards the end of the last year and its value can be significant, up to 30 credits. Some students choose to speed up their credit accumulation by enrolling in extracurricular activities.
Types of Undergraduate Degrees Available in Spain
There are many different undergraduate degrees that you will be able to earn while in Spain. Undergraduate degrees are classified according to the following fields of Knowledge:
Arts and Humanities
Social Science and Law
Engineering and Architecture
Requirements For Obtaining Official Undergraduate Degrees in Spain
Access to studies of undergraduate degrees requires possession of a secondary education finishing degree or equivalent and passing the Spanish university admission examination.
Curricula must contain a minimum of 60 credits of basic training, of which at least 36 must be related to some of the basic subject matter of the main field of knowledge corresponding to the degree.
These subjects must be imparted in units of a minimum of 6 credits each and will be taken during the first half of the curriculum.
The remaining credits unit 60 must be made up of main basic subjects matter from the main field, or other fields of knowledge included in the list, or of other subjects that justify importance for the initial training of the student.
Post Graduate Education
Postgraduate Education involves learning and studying for degrees, professional or academic certificates, or other qualifications for which a first or Bachelor degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of Higher Education. The organization and structure of postgraduate Education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history.
Post Graduate Degree
A master degree is an academic degree granted to individuals who have undergone study demonstrating a mastery or high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice. Within the area studied,graduates are posited to possess advanced knowledge of a specialized body of theoretical and applied topics, high order skills in analysis,critical evaluation or professional application, and the ability to solve complex problems and think rigorously and independently. The degree is awarded upon graduation from a university.
Post Graduate Degree as 2nd Cycle Studies
Second-cycle studies-Called as Master degree programme (1.5 to 2 years) following the first cycle studies and leading to the professional title of Master.These are focused on theoretical knowledge as well as application and development of creative skills. Master degree holders may enter a doctoral programme (third-cycle studies).To obtain this degree, students must earn 90-120(Transfer and Accumulation System ) ECTS credits. The duration of the course is 1.5 to 2 years.
Post Graduate Degrees in Spain
Official graduate studies are meant to provide students with academic,professional or research specialization. They are organized in Graduate Programs or Official university Master Degrees in the Spanish university Education System. These degrees follow the norms set by the European Higher Education Space (EHES).There are more than 70 universities located throughout Spain. Of those 50 are public and the rest are private universities. Most of the universities are situated in Madrid and else in Barcelona and Valencia, although universities can also be found in other Spain cities as well. Any of these universities can certainly help you return to school and earn a postgraduate degree of your choice,no matter how long it has been since you first earned your bachelor degree. A number of the universities available in Spain offer a large international group of students earning their postgraduate degree. This makes it possible to meet new people from around the world while also divulging in new cultures and experiences as you gain an excellent education from an amazing university.
Types of Postgraduate Degrees Available in Spain
There are many different Postgraduate degrees that you will be able to earn while in Spain. Postgraduate degrees are classified according to the following fields of Knowledge:
Art History Advanced
Family Intervention Master
To be admitted into a Postgraduate program in Spain a student must meet the following admission requirements:
Hold a Bachelor degree that has been obtained from a country inside of the EHEA or in Spain,Or hold a degree deemed to be satisfactory from another country,which would be equivalent to that of a Bachelor degree in Spain.
An application must be submitted to the university in which you would like to attend. There will be an application fee association with the submission of this application and must be included when submitting.
If entering a Doctoral program the student must have already obtained 60 credits in a classroom.
If you will be in Spain more than 3 months you will also need a visa, with a copy of that Visa being presented to the school along with your application. If you will be attending for a period of more than six months a student must have both a student residence card and a visa.
All information that is submitted to the university must be submitted in Spanish.If you are from a country that is not Spanish speaking, an official translation must be provided. There are a couple of options for getting an official translation,so make sure this is something that you do. Submitting your documents in a language other than Spanish will delay your acceptance into the university.
Be sure that all of your information (applications for admission,documents for Visa applications,transcripts,translations, etc.)are submitted well ahead of time so that you are certain everything has been properly processed.
There are more than 70 universities throughout Spain, more that 50 are public and the rest,more than 20 are private universities.They are distributed throughout the country but the biggest and most important cities have the highest number of universities,in Madrid,Barcelona and Valencia. Madrid has the highest number of private universities.All Spanish universities welcome the admission of foreign students to a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs.
How To Apply
The application process for studies at universities and polytechnics in Spain varies depending on whether you intend to enroll in a program as an undergraduate (first cycle) student or graduate (second and third cycle) student, and the responsible body of the institution.
In order for you to apply for first cycle programs at public institutions in Spain, you will have to follow 2 main steps as explained below:
You must first get your upper secondary school studies and your school leaving certificate officially recognized as you will have to present these documents during the application process.
Submit your application through the Spain online Centralized System.
You will have to submit your application to the school of your choice.
Along with your application, you will also have to attach evidence of your previous studies,as your university or polytechnic will evaluate whether you qualify for the program you applied for.
You may need to have your documents translated if requested by the institution you are applying for.
Undergraduate studies (first cycle)
Students seeking to study first cycle (undergraduate) degrees at universities and polytechnics in Portugal,must:
Have completed upper Secondary Education
Have passed the university Entrance Examination in their home country
Meet the study program pre-requisites if required. A pre-requisite is a subject any applicant must meet before being allowed to register for a course.
Master studies (second cycle)
If you are applying for a Master program at university in Spain, you are required to be in possession of a relevant bachelor or equivalent degree diploma.
Doctoral studies (third cycle)
In the event you are applying for doctoral studies at university in Spain, you are required to be in possession of a relevant diploma or Master Degree Program.
The Spanish university entry examination
For EU students
Following the application of the Lisbon Convention,EU students are entitled to Access University studies in Spain provided they
Have a valid school leaving certificate from another EU country.
Have taken the university entry examinations in their home countries with passing grades.
If you have not taken the university entry examination in your home country and would like to study in Spain, you will have to pass the Spanish entry examination.
For Non-EU students
If you are not an EU student,you can access the Spanish university provided you:
Have a valid school leaving certificate.
Pass the Spanish university entry examination,called Selectividad.
The minimum grade requirements to access university studies in Spain
When applying for a study place at university in Spain,it is your grade point average from previous studies along with other requirements what actually determines whether you will be admitted.Therefore,always check with your host university about the minimum passing grade you need to meet.
Entry and visa Regulations
EU students do not require a visa to study in Spain,but they must apply for a residence permit from the Central Registry Office for Foreigners within three months of arrival.
To apply as an undergraduate student,you will first need to contact the Spanish National University for Distance Education in order to have your documents validated and confirm any special requirements that apply to your home country.
Officially the cut-off date for applying to universities in Spain for autumn admission is in June, but it is a good idea to apply much earlier as an international student due to the validation procedure.
At postgraduate level,students should go directly to their chosen institution.
Admission Of International Students
In order to gain admission to an undergraduate program in a university in Spain, international students are required to obtain official recognition of their previous studies and pass the official Spanish University entrance exams,which are taken twice a year in many of the countries of origin of the students. Most Spanish Universities require students intending to begin an undergraduate program to apply to their faculties directly. Each University sets its own application and admission schedule. It is important to apply well in advance.
Application deadlines in Spain
Although application deadlines may vary depending on the institution, there are usually 3 intakes for studies at Spanish universities and colleges:
First week of June: for studies beginning in the fall semester (October).
First week of September: late applications for studies beginning in the fall semester (October).
First week of December: for studies beginning in the spring semester (February).
As an EU citizen, you are permitted to live in any EU country while studying as long as you:
Are studying for more than three months.
Are enrolled at an approved university/other institution.
Have sufficient income to live without needing income support.U A
Have full health insurance cover.
Working in Spain
There are jobs in Spain for foreigners;however,along the coast most jobs are seasonal.It depends largely on what you can and will be able to do. You will probably have to have a good command of the Spanish language.Most qualifications obtained in the UK and Europe are recognized in Spain. Whatever job you end up doing,If you intend to work in Spain make sure you get a contract from your employer which is at least 6 months long.This will protect you and give you the same rights as a Spanish employee.Your employee should deduct national insurance and tax. In general Spanish wages are less than those in the UK but bear in mind that the cost of living is less and the lifestyle is considered to be better.In general working hours include a Siesta which is a 2-3 hour break between 2-5 in the afternoon.
Secure a job
Whether someone is lucky enough to have secured a job from abroad or whether they have journeyed to Spain, found a job and returned home while their application processes, to obtain most forms of work permit an expat will need an employment contract. The only exception is the Cuenta Propia. Once a job has been secured and a contract has been negotiated, the employer will request certain documents from the prospective employee and will submit a work permit application to the Spanish Ministry of Labour on their behalf.
How To Get a Job
You do need to speak Spanish to get a Spanish Job.
Differentiate yourself-Think about your competitive advantage as a foreigner and professional and target relevant companies and jobs.
Think like a Spanish recruiter.
If you have experience,leverage it.If you do not,complete your studies in Spain.
Reassure the recruiter you are not a tourist,even if you are one Keep language teaching as a Plan B
Give yourself 6 months to reach your goal and decide on the next steps.
If they make you an offer, shoot first, think afterwards Key resources for your job search.
If you take a job in Spain, make sure you get an official work contract from your employer.
Read it carefully and/or have it translated.Remember that you can be given a temporary contract that only lasts 3/6/9 months.
After these contracts, an employer has to give you a long-term contract in order to keep you on. He cannot therefore continue giving you short-term contracts.Anyone caught employing people without a contract will be fined immediately.
Many people come to Spain to set up their own business. This can be a complicated process and there are many pitfalls. One option that is very popular is to buy a bar in Spain. Thousands have already done just this and the flood of people continues.
If you are dismissed from your job in Spain and you do not agree with the reasons, you can present a demand for conciliation within 20 days of receiving your dismissal letter.
This is a prejudicial process and counts on there being agreement between the two parties as there is no presentation of evidence.
If agreement cannot be reached then you must place a suit in the Labour Court. The worker has 20 days to present the demand in writing to the Labour Court.The court will find the dismissal either just or unjust and if the latter be granted, the worker will receive 45 days compensation for every year worked.If you are still not satisfied you have five days to file recourse.
If you arrive in Spain, along the coast, looking for work, be prepared for seasonal work. Between May and September the coastal workforce swells with many opportunities in bars, clubs and restaurants.
The coastal areas of Spain are currently enjoying a continued boom in the construction industry which offers many positions for everything from bricklayers to planners. New hotels, houses and apartments are springing up at an alarming rate.
Another popular area to work in is working in service for wealthy families in Spain,especially if you have experience in house-keeping, cooking, maintenance or driving.
The local Spanish and English press often carry classified advertisements. The internet is also a good source of information. Be aware though that the wages can be very low and the hours can be very long. There are many foreigners arriving in Spain, looking for this type of work and needs dictate that they will settle for very little.
Top Employers in Spain
There are lots of Employers in Spain. Among of these the top Employers are:
Telfonica de Espana
El Corte Ingles
Work at Home
If you are interested in more than seasonal work,or want to lessen the competition,or avoid the hardships and hassles of meeting the work requirements,consider working at home. More and more people are choosing to work at home,and it is something that even college students can do. There are a ton of benefits to working at home. Even college students can get in on the work at home phenomena while in Spain. There are many positions available for those who want to make a little pocket change to help with college expenses, with something for all experience levels and all desires. Work at home jobs range from those that you can do on the computer to MLM, crafting and everything in between. Article writing is very popular, as well as something that can be done online with only a computer and an Internet connection required to start. Among the other jobs that you could do from home while attending college include translating if you are fluent in Spanish, customer service, child care, sitter services and more.